iTHRVE Night Analysis

Night Analysis & Deep Sleep

 

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Heart Rate Evolution & Amplitude

Deep HRV amplitude: Young & healthy

nightanalysismain_hrv_amplitude_young.

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Lower HRV amplitude: Old, less healthy or stressed.

nightanalysismain_hrv_amplitude_old

 

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Musical signature of the heart

nightanalysismain_night-music-notes

Frequencies can be mathematicaly extracted from Heart beats and heart rate variation spectrum.

As music notes are related to specific frequencies, we can display the realtionships between heart frequencies and music notes and use this musical display to easily visualize the different parts of the night.

The relationship between musical signatures can also be a good indicator of your coherence state : harmonic inclusiveness, relationship/interaction of all the waves which are inside the body.

 

 

nightanalysismain_notes_cycl_cr

nightanalysismain_musical-coherence

 

 

 

 

 

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Deep Sleep

The deep sleep stage (or slow-wave sleep) is a period of the night where the EEG activity is synchronized, producing slow waves within a frequency of 0.5-3Hz. This is a period when the neocortical neurons are able to rest. The deep sleep is related to States 3 & 4 of the sleep stages.nightanalysismain_sleep-stages-graph-blanc

 

Deep sleep should represent about 25% of sleep duration in young adults. This percentage decreases up to about 10% with aging (5). When we are depressed, less healthy or  stressed, this deep sleep phase is reduced.

 

Slow-wave sleep is the constructive phase of sleep for recuperation of the mind-body system in which it rebuilds itself after each day.

(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slow-wave_sleep)

 

 

This Slow-Wave Sleep helps to  :

  • consolidate new memories (1)
  • allow the brain to recover from its daily activities
  • induce the secretion of growth hormone (2)
  • allow a decrease in sympathetic and increase in parasympathetic neural activity (2)
  • reduce blood pressure (Reduced deep sleep may predict high blood pressure (3)
  • relax our muscles and the blood supply to muscles increases
  • our tissues to growth and repair
  • restore energy
  • restored sugars to our ¬†glial cells (to provide energy for the brain) (4)
  • allow toxin clearance from the Brain (7)(8)
  • feel less depressed (9)

 

(1) http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/28/health/brain-aging-linked-to-sleep-related-memory-decline.html

(2) Slow-Wave Sleep: Beyond Insomnia. Wolters Kluwer Pharma Solutions. ISBN 978-0-9561387-1-2.

(3) http://www.brighamandwomens.org/about_bwh/publicaffairs/news/pressreleases/PressRelease.aspx?sub=0&PageID=942

(4) http://www.hgi.org.uk/archive/sleepanddream1.htm#.U2kpm8fhjys

(5) Age-Related Changes in Slow Wave Sleep and Relationship With Growth Hormone and Cortisol Levels in Healthy Men
Eve Van Cauter, PhD; Rachel Leproult, MS; Laurence Plat, MD
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=192981

(6) Growth hormone secretion during sleep Y. Takahashi, D. M. Kipnis, and W. H. Daughaday
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC297368/

(7) Sleep Drives Metabolite Clearance from the Adult Brain
Lulu Xie,* , Hongyi Kang , Qiwu Xu, Michael J. Chen, Yonghong Liao, Meenakshisundaram Thiyagarajan, John OíDonnell, Daniel J. Christensen, Charles Nicholson, Jeffrey J. Iliff, Takahiro Takano1, Rashid Deane, and Maiken Nedergaard,Ü http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3880190/pdf/nihms540586.pdf

(8) https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/brain-may-flush-out-toxins-during-sleep

(9) Regulation of Sleep and Growth Hormone in Adolescent Depression
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0890856709640764

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nightanalysismain_slepp-stages_f_bandsDeep sleep and VLF/HF ratio

There is a good relationship between VLF/HF ratio and the deep sleep phase:

During deep sleep phase, VLF is significantly lower than in the other sleep stages; and HF is significantly higher (1).

 

(1) Spectral Analysis of Heart Rate Variability in Sleep P. BU҆EK, J. VAŇáKOV√Ā, J. OPAVSK√Ě , J. SALINGER, S. NEV҆√ćMALOV√Ā
Physiol. Res. 54: 369-376, 2005
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.621.9994&rep=rep1&type=pdf&rep=rep1&type=pdf

 

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Deep Sleep & Movementsnightanalysismain_deepsleep_movements

The gyroscope of the iPhone allows the recording of your night movements. This movement analysis can be compared and related to the depp sleep stages extracted from the heart data analysis.

 

 

 

 

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Deep Sleep & musical signaturenightanalysismain_deepsleep_movements_music

Different parts of the night can easily be visualized through the color display of the musical frequencies (music notes) extracted from the heart data analysis.

 

 

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Deep Sleep & Lucid Dreams – Deep Meditation State

Slow-Wave Sleep can also be achieved through deep meditation state

nightanalysismain_deepsleep_yoganidra¬ę Subjectively deep sleep is a time of nearly complete disengagement from the environment‚Ķ There is a more subtle state of awareness that may be developed through¬†meditation¬†and can be thought of as being more subtle and like that of the dreaming state of consciousness. The deepest level of consciousness, in this scheme, is the one in which it is possible to become aware of the emptiness in which all phenomenon are thought to occur. According to the integral philosopher Ken Wilber, it is possible,¬†with training in advanced meditation, for people to be aware of the subtler states of consciousness, including the states of dreaming and even deep sleep.¬†¬Ľ*

*https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/sleepless-in-america/201010/the-mysterious-benefits-deep-sleep

 

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Deep Sleep & Heart Rate Evolution

Evolution (history) can be a good indicator of Stress levels & heath pattern.

nightanalysismain_deepsleep-lowheartrate_-evolution